Colon Cancer VS Rectal Cancer

First of all, colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the colon or rectum. These cancers can also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on their origin. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together as they have a lot of features in common. Both of them affect the large intestine that is the lowest digestive system part. However, they begin in different places within it and I am going to explain the differences between colon cancer and rectal cancer.
Colon cancer

Colon cancer can begin anywhere in the colon about 5 feet long and absorb water from the stool. The colon is the digestive tract last part. Although colon cancer happens to people at any age, it usually affects people who are older. It usually starts with small, non-cancerous (benign) cell clusters called polyps which form inside the colon. Over time, some of these polyps will become colon cancers. Polyps can be small and produce few or almost no symptoms. Therefore, doctors suggest regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they become cancer. A lot of treatments can be used to control colon cancer, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and drug treatments, like chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. There are some signs and symptoms of colon cancer that are different from rectal cancer. So one of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer are rectal bleeding or blood in stool.
Rectal cancer

Rectal cancer begins in the rectum, which is the last 12 cm of the colon. It begins at the end of the end of the colon and ends when it reaches the short, narrow passage which lead to the anus. Although rectal cancer and colon cancer are similar in a lot of ways, but their treatment methods are quite different. This is mainly because the rectum is located in a narrow space and is almost not separated from other organs and structures. The narrow space can have the removal of rectal cancer complex. In the past, even with extensive treatment, long-term survival was rare for patients with rectal cancer. Due to the progress of treatment in recent decades, the survival rates of rectal cancer have improved a lot. There are some signs and symptoms of rectal cancer that are different from colon cancer. So some signs and symptoms of rectal cancer are dark maroon or bright red blood in stool and narrow stool.

Conclusion

To sum up, these are the differences between colon cancer and rectal cancer. Although both rectal and colon cancers have similarities, but they also do have differences. Hopefully now you can understand the differences between them and learned the knowledges of them. You can also share these knowledges to your family and friends.

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Reference:

1) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/about/what-is-colorectal-cancer.html
2) https://www.webmd.com/colorectal-cancer/colon-rectal-cancer-whats-difference
3) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20353669
4) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352884 

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